什么是逾越节?
在逾越节期间,犹太人吃一种叫玛撒的无酵饼。
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逾越节是犹太历中最重要的节日之一。It's an eight-day festival (seven days for Reform Jews and Jews in Israel) celebrated in the early spring,starting on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan.尼桑的第14天开始于春分后的第一个满月之夜。

在公历上,Nisan usually falls in March or April.今年,逾越节将于4月19日开始。2019.

It commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt.

故事是这样的,《旧约全书》记载:在埃及人民的辛劳劳动和难以忍受的恐怖之后,上帝看见了以色列人的苦难。他差遣摩西去见法老,说:“差遣我的百姓,so that they may serve Me" (Exodus 8:1).But despite numerous warnings,法老拒绝听从上帝的命令。上帝又派十大灾祸到埃及,afflicting them and destroying everything from their livestock to their crops.

尼桑15日午夜时分,上帝把这十大灾祸中的最后一个送给埃及人,killing their firstborn.However,他救了以色列人,"passing over" their homes hence the name of the holiday.Pharaoh's resistance was broken,and he virtually chased his former slaves out of the land.由摩西领导,估计有60万人,再加上更多的妇女和儿童,开始了到西奈山的跋涉。Seven days later,the Red Sea他们分开了,离开了埃及。

Orthodox Jews living outside Israel celebrate an extra day due to the doubt as to which day is actually the start of the holiday.Traditionally,that decision was made at the Temple of Jerusalem,新闻要传到很远的徳赢时时彩地方才能传到他们那里。Reform Jews and Jews living in Israel do not celebrate the extra day.

Unleavened bread is made without yeast or sourdough culture.这是一个简单的,unfermented bread made with flour,water,加盐,然后彻底滚成面团。在逾越节期间,Jews eat cracker-like unleavened bread called matzah.

根据逾越节的故事,the Israelites left Egypt in such a hurry that the bread they baked as provisions for the way did not have time to rise.为纪念以色列人离开埃及时所吃的无酵饼,守节的犹太人从逾越节的前一天正午起,直到节日结束,都不吃,也不留任何有酵的谷(或香麦)。他们把家里所有的食物和饮料都扔掉了,甚至连一点小麦都没有。大麦,rye,oats,拼写或其派生词,没有防止发酵或发酵。这包括面包,蛋糕,cookies,谷类食品,pasta and most alcoholic beverages.Moreover,almost any processed food or drink can be assumed to be chametz unless certified otherwise.

Traditionally,犹太人在逾越节前的两个晚上,在夜幕降临后,对剩下的查梅兹进行正式的搜查。A blessing is read,the lights are turned off,而且,by candlelight,一个或多个家庭成员从一个房间到另一个房间检查是否有碎屑留在任何角落。This search,被称为bedikat chametz,比沙希姆有描述,a tractate of Passover laws in the collection of Jewish oral traditions known as the Mishnah.

Bedikat chametz is typically conducting with a feather and a wooden spoon;前者,to dust crumbs out of their hiding places,and the latter,to collect the crumbs.Customarily,为了确保能找到一些香槟,在屋子里藏了10小口不小于橄榄大小的面包——一种称为“凯扎伊特”的东西。第二天早上,on the 14th of Nisan,any leavened products that remain in the householder's possession,加上前一天晚上搜寻的10口面包,被烧毁了。

逾越节的亮点是莎草,observed on each of the first two nights of the holiday.The Seder is a ritual-packed feast.

重点是吃松饼,如上所述,吃苦草来纪念以色列人所忍受的苦役,喝四杯酒或葡萄汁,庆祝以色列人在第一次逾越节时获得的自由,以及背诵Haggadah,详细描述埃及出埃及记故事的礼拜仪式。犹太人在圣经中有义务向他们的孩子讲述逾越节晚上出走的故事。

在赛德时期,to spark discussion of the Exodus,鼓励家里最小的孩子提问,"Why is this night different from all other nights?" The storytelling begins,在关键时刻,孩子会问以下四个问题:

在所有其他的夜晚,我们吃无酵或有酵的饼,but tonight we eat only unleavened bread?在所有其他的夜晚,we eat all kinds of vegetables,but tonight,we eat only bitter herbs?在所有其他的夜晚,我们连一次都不吃东西,but tonight we dip twice?在所有其他的夜晚,we eat either sitting or reclining,but tonight we only recline?

Thus prompted,大人解释逾越节的庆祝活动。

In Israel,Jews cease working for the duration of the festival.在大多数其他地方,Orthodox Jews celebrate the first two and last two days of the festival by ceasing all manual labor,但他们可能会在这段时间里工作。改革犹太人积极庆祝他们七天逾越节的第一天和最后一天。

有些基督徒庆祝逾越节,尽管有一个简短的逾越节,这是联系到复活节,只是松散地联系到旧约出埃及记。基督徒专注于通过耶稣基督的牺牲,从罪的束缚中得到救赎,rather than the Jewish Passover's celebration of redemption from bondage in the land of Egypt.

基督教逾越节逾越节逾越节的逾越节逾越节逾越节有时在晚上举行,与尼桑十四日相对应,而不是十五日。因为前者被认为是耶稣在耶路撒冷被处决的那天。

本文于4月19日更新。2019.vwin沙巴体育《生活科学》资深作家MindyWeisberger为这篇报道做出了贡献。

Originally published onvwin沙巴体育.